Food and Beverage – Lesson 1

Lesson: – 1

History of catering Industry


British law defines hotel or Inn as a “place where a bonafied traveler can receive food & shelter, provided he is in a position to pay for and is in a fit condition to be received” defines hotel or inn.  Hence, a hotel must provide food and lodging to travelers on payment and has, intern, the right to refuse if the traveler is drunk, disorderly or is not in a position to pay for the service.


The hotel industry is perhaps, one of the oldest commercial endeavors in the world.  The first inns go back to the sixth century B.C and were the products of the urge to travel; spurred by the invention of the wheel.  The earliest inns were ventures by husband and wife teams who provided large halls for travelers to make their own beds and sleep on the floor.  They also provided modest wholesome food, thirst quenchers like wine, port, ale etc. and stabling facilities.  The husband & wife team and his family provided entertainment and recreation.

These conditions prevailed for several hundred years.  The advent of the industrial revolution in England brought ideas and progress in the business of ‘inn’ keeping.  The development of railways and steam ships made traveling more prominent.  The Industrial revolution also change travel from.  Social or government travel to business travel.  There was a need for quick & clean service.  The word “hotel” was used in England in about 1760 after a passage of over 80 years.  In America lodging houses were called ‘inn or ‘coffee house’.

The real growth of modern hotel industry took place in the USA beginning with the opening of city hotel in New York in 1794.  This was the first building specially erected for hotel purpose.

Introduction of different catering establishment:-

An organization that provides food beverage is called a catering establishment. There are two types of catering establishment

i)              Primary Catering

ii)             Secondary Catering.

Primary Catering: Establishment such as hotels, restaurant and fast food outlet, which are primary catering.

Secondary Catering: In this catering establishment the provision of food & beverage is a part of another business such as welfare catering and industrial catering.


Hotels:  a hotel is defined as a place where a bonafied traveler can receive food and shelter provided he is in a position to pay for it, and is in a fit condition to be received.

The main purpose of hotels is to provide accommodation, which may or may not include the service of food and beverage.  A large luxury hotel providing service through a number of outlets such as the coffee shop, room service banquets, specialty restaurant; grillroom & cocktail bar.

Restaurants: these are often quite high class; offering good a-la-carte menus.  The service is usually of a high standard.

Fast Food Restaurants:  it is very popular in India, especially with the young.  These restaurants offer fast, clean service at popular price.  Service is minimum turnover is high.

Bar And Pubs:  the idea of pubs is fairly new in India.  It has been borrowed from the concept of public houses in England and adapted to Indian conditions.  They provide all type of alcohol along with limited food menu.

Popular Catering Restaurants:  the object of this type of restaurant is to provide a quick and economical meal in a clean & standardized dining room.  The vast urban population of India commonly uses these restaurants.

Fast Food Restaurants:  these types of restaurant have grown its own popularity in India, especially with the young generation.  These restaurants offer fast & clean service at popular price.  Service so minimum & turnover is high.

Out Door Catering:  this means cater5ign to a large number of people at a venue of their choice.  Hotels, restaurants & catering contractors meet this growing demand.

Departmental Store Catering:  some departmental stores, apart form carrying on their primary activity of retailing their own wares, provide catering as an additional facility.

Club Catering: this type of establishment provides food and beverage to a restricted client————.  The origin of this service from England, where membership of a club was consider prestigious.  Example; gold clubs, cricket clubs.

Transport Catering:  the provision of food & beverages to passengers, before, during & after a journey on trains, aircraft, ships and in buses or private vehicles is termed as transport catering.

Airline Catering:  catering to airline passenger on flights as well as at restaurants situated at airports is termed as airline catering.

Railway Catering:  catering to railway passengers both during the journey as well as during halts at different railway stations is called railway catering.

Ship Catering:  both cargos a passenger ships have kitchens & restaurants on board.  The quality of food, service & facilities offered depends on the class of the ship & the price the passengers are willing to pay.

Surface Catering:  catering to passengers traveling by surface transport such as buses & private vehicles is called surface catering, example; dhabas.

Welfare Catering:  the provision of food & beverages to people to fulfill a social need, determined by recognized authority, is known as welfare catering.  Example; hospitals, schools & colleges.

Industrial Catering:  the provision of food & beverages to people at work, in industries & factories at highly subsidized rate is called industrial catering.

Leisure Linked Catering:  this type of catering refers to the provision of food & beverage to pole engaged in leisured.  Example; exhibitions theme parks.


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